Very Late - Men
Men's Fashion AD 1080-1179
The primary garment is the tunic. Its skirt comes to the knee cap or just above and it’s always worn tight to the forearm and wrist. Neck-holes are either round or oval and often have a keyhole opening. Decoration, in the form of facings, embroidery, silk strips or tablet weave, can be applied to the cuffs, neck-hole and around the hem of the skirt. Tunics are usually made from wool but can also be from linen.
European styles of tunic are popular. These include tunics with a wide neck-hole facing and applied facing to the hem of the tunic’s skirt. The Norman style of split front and rear shirt is also common.
Belts can be made from either braided wool or from a leather strap. They can be simply tied or else closed by a buckle of bone, iron or copper-alloy. Belts sometimes have strap-ends attached.
For warmth a cloak can be worn, clasped on the right-hand shoulder by ties or a large disc brooch, pin or annular brooch.
Leg coverings, if worn at all, should be tight to the leg and are usually hose and braies or more rarely trousers. Leg wraps can also be worn. These are long strips of 10cm wide woollen cloth worn wound about the lower leg from the ankle to the knee.
Shoes or low boots are of the simple, two-part turn shoe construction. Most are low, coming to the ankle or below. Some boots are slightly higher, coming up to the mid-calf, although not popular at the start of the period they do become more numerous as the 12th century progresses.
Jewellery is usually of copper-alloy or pewter although some silver is still used. Romance and Urnes styles are common. As the 12th century progresses the ring like annular brooch replaces the traditional disc brooch as the main form of fastening brooch.