Mid - Women

Women's Fashion AD 980-1041

980-1041 Women.jpg

As Christians, all women cover their hair when outside the home. In England the hood like wimple is very popular although the traditional long scarf veil is worn both in England and across Europe. The veil is worn loosely draped over the head and wrapped around the shoulders whilst leaving the neck showing.

Most women wear a linen shift. There are a number of different garments that can be worn over this. Most common is an ankle length woollen dress with either sleeves that are loose and cut slightly shorter to expose the cuff of the shift underneath or else with tight sleeves to the wrist. Neck-holes are either round or oval, and can have a keyhole opening. Decoration, in the form of facings, silk strips, embroidery or tablet weave, can be applied to the cuffs. Tied belts of simple braid or cloth can be worn, but never belts of leather.

Sometimes a ‘mantle’ can be worn, which is a woollen conical over garment that can be worn belted with a wide cloth sash. Loose sleeved dresses and mantles are never worn together.

Shoes are of the simple, two-part turn shoe construction and are usually low, coming to below the ankle.

Jewellery is usually of either copper-alloy or pewter, small and for decoration only. Some silver jewellery is still worn, such as the new fashion of wearing a silver penny as a brooch with the cross side always showing. Larger brooches and pins are still used to secure garments. Winchester and Ringerike art styles are popular.

All the Vikings, except those from Sweden, are now predominantly Christian and follow the fashions of Western Europe. The distinctive hangerock and oval brooches are no longer worn and Viking women now cover their hair as do all Christian women.

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