For axes with a cutting edge over 6" in length see Broad Axes
Hand Axe Types by Period
| Kit Period Guide|
Any item not depicted should be considered to be Unacceptable.
|Axe type C|
|Axe type D|
|Description|| Very Early
| Very Late
|Bearded Axes|| Optional ENGLISH
| Optional ENGLISH
|Allowable BATTLEFIELD||Allowable BATTLEFIELD||Allowable BATTLEFIELD||Allowable POOR BATTLEFIELD|
|Axes hafted with wooden wedges||Encouraged|
|Axes hafted with metal wedges||Allowable BATTLEFIELD|
|Leather or cloth axe loops||Allowable|
|Edge protector for axe||Allowable|
|Fransisca (throwing axe)||Unacceptable|
|Metal axe rings||Unacceptable|
The AO Team are currently unaware of any evidence for throwing axes being used during Regia's period of interest. An earlier type of axe called a 'Francisca' was specifically designed for throwing. It dates to the period AD 400-550 and it is assumed that this form evolved into the 'bearded' axe of the Viking Age.
There is some suggestion that small axes such as the Mammen Axe, from Mammen in Denmark, may have possibly been thrown as as such is is considered Allowable to demonstrate axes being thrown at events.
Leather or cloth axe loops
A strip of waste leather or cloth with a slit cut down its center and tucked through the belt. The axe is dropped through the two slit holes. Ideally the leather or cloth should be thin enough to snap if a firm tug is made upon the axe handle.
- Wheeler (1927) London and the Vikings.
- Such as a method of knife sheath suspension or a way of making a longer daisy chain style of leather strap. Mould et. al. (2003) Leather and Leatherworking in Anglo-Scandinavian and Medieval York. York Archaeological Trust: 17/16