Authenticity:Hand Axes

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Authenticity Guide

For axes with a cutting edge over 6" in length see Broad Axes

Kit Table

Axe Types by Period

Kit Period Guide
Any item not depicted should be considered to be Unacceptable.
Description Encouraged Optional Allowable
Generic
(793-1215)
Very Early
(793-899)
Axe type G.jpg
Axe type D
Axe type A.jpg
Axe type B.jpg
Axe type E
Axe type C
Early
(900-979)
Axe type H.jpg
Axe type I.jpg
Axe type E
Axe type F.jpg
Axe type G.jpg
Axe type D
Axe type M1.jpg
Axe type A.jpg
Axe type B.jpg
Axe type C
Mid
(980-1041)
Axe type M1.jpg
Axe type M2.jpg
Axe type I.jpg
Axe type H.jpg
Axe type F.jpg
Axe type D
Axe type F.jpg
Axe type G.jpg
Late
(1042-1079)
Axe type M2.jpg
Axe type M3.jpg
Axe type M1.jpg
Axe type H.jpg
Axe type I.jpg
Axe type F.jpg
Very Late
(1080-1179)
Axe type M3.jpg
Axe type C12th.jpg
Axe type M2.jpg
Axe type M1.jpg
Angevin
(1180-1215)
Axe type Angevin 1.jpg
Axe type Angevin 2.jpg
Axe type M3.jpg
Axe type C12th.jpg
Axe type M2.jpg
Axe type M1.jpg

Kit Guide

Kit Guide
Description Very Early
(793-899)
Early
(900-979)
Mid
(980-1041)
Late
(1042-1079)
Very Late
(1080-1179)
Angevin
(1180-1215)
Bearded Axes Optional ENGLISH

Encouraged VIKING
Optional ENGLISH

Encouraged VIKING
Allowable BATTLEFIELD Allowable BATTLEFIELD Allowable BATTLEFIELD Allowable POOR BATTLEFIELD
Axes hafted with wooden wedges Encouraged
Axes hafted with metal wedges Allowable BATTLEFIELD
Leather or cloth axe loops Allowable
Edge protector for axe Allowable
Fransisca (throwing axe) Unacceptable
Metal axe rings Unacceptable
Lochaber Axe Unacceptable Encouraged
Glave Unacceptable Optional

Throwing axes

The AO Team are currently unaware of any evidence for throwing axes being used during Regia's period of interest. An earlier type of axe called a 'Francisca' was specifically designed for throwing. It dates to the period AD 400-550 and it is assumed that this form evolved into the 'bearded' axe of the Viking Age.[1]
There is some suggestion that small axes such as the Mammen Axe, from Mammen in Denmark, may have possibly been thrown as as such is is considered Allowable to demonstrate axes being thrown at events.

Leather or cloth axe loops

Leather axe loop

A strip of waste leather or cloth with a slit cut down its center and tucked through the belt. The axe is dropped through the two slit holes. Ideally the leather or cloth should be thin enough to snap if a firm tug is made upon the axe handle.
A number of slit leather strips have been found in York, London and Hedeby. Although the exact use of these strips is impossible to deduce and a number of suggestions have been made[2].
We never see axes suspended from the waist in manuscripts. Even so it is felt that some mechanism for wearing an axe at the waist must of existed as just simply tucking the axe through the belt would have been hindering to movement and not secure.

Notes

</References>
  1. Wheeler (1927) London and the Vikings.
  2. Such as a method of knife sheaf suspension or a way of making a longer daisy chain style of leather strap. Mould et. al. (2003) Leather and Leatherworking in Anglo-Scandinavian and Medieval York. York Archaeological Trust: 17/16